Archive Pages Design$type=blogging



Makalah bahasa inggris contoh makalah bahasa inggris mengambil judul  SKRIPSI AN ANALYSIS ON THE SPEAKING CLASSROOM INTERACTIONS AT THE TENTH GRADE OF SMA X.


1. Background of the Study
In the classroom students do their educational activity - learning - but they also do another activity like playing and socializing with their friends. Classroom is a small miniature of wide society filled in with many elements. Classroom is a real social context where its elements (teacher and learner) enter into equally real social relationship each other, but, in the sense of education, it's an artificial environment for teaching, learning, and using a foreign language.
The process of teaching and learning is the most common element in the language classroom. Language teaching, in a simple word, can be defined as the activities which are intended to bring about language learning. It is assumed that language teaching is proposed to help people to learn and use the language. According to Dewey in Risk (1985 : 6), language teaching is the direction or the guidance of learning. Learning, as every body knows, refers to the acquisition of knowledge and skill. Based on these definitions, then, language learning will be placed in appropriate definition as the learning to have knowledge and skill in language.
The process of teaching and learning almost occurs in the classroom. Tsui (1995 : 1) defines classroom as a place where more than two people gather together for the purpose of learning, with one having the role of the teacher. Classroom is not a place where the teacher just carries out predetermined routines, but rather than a place where various elements interact one another. These elements are the teacher with their educational background, the students, experience, knowledge, and expectation and also the activity in the classroom.
Language learning occurs through meaningful interaction. Interaction, then, will certainly involves students. In other words, it can be said that language learning is a two-way interaction between all the elements in class. Those elements handle the same significant role in deciding whether the learning will achieve its aim or not. Each element cannot dominate the others. The teacher, then, handles a significant role in creating an atmosphere that stimulates students to participate in the classroom. The teacher also has to plan certain activities and interactions in order to achieve or produce a particular behavioral outcome.
According to Anderson, as quoted by Skinner (1984 : 4-6), the teacher's role in the classroom can be described under three broad categories : (1) Selecting and organizing material (The teacher has to select and organize the material to be learned); (2) Guiding and directing learning; and (3) Evaluation to know how well he has done as a teacher and how well his students have learned.
One important element, besides the teacher, is the students that also play many significant roles. In the language classroom, the students can be positioned as object; but sometime they have to put themselves as subject. It means that they are not only as receiver but also as an independent one who can speak up, give ideas, and contribute to language in the classroom. As Chaudron's opinion (1998 : 9) learners have their own initiative, productivity, and strategies in classroom learning rather than passive absorption of the teachers' information of precise adherence to the performance of classroom activities.
In the speaking classroom, the teacher and the students have significant roles to the process of teaching and learning. These elements (teacher and students) constantly interact one another in which the teacher and the students are the main subjects. In speaking class, the teacher is not allowed to dominate the class where he keeps talking or giving more question. Each element has as much to contribute as very other participant in determining the direction and outcome of the interaction.
Interaction simply means communication which implies more than one person. The importance of interaction is explained by Rivers (1981 : 160-162) : "Through interaction, students can increase their language store as they listen to or read authentic material, or even the output of their fellow students in discussion, skits, joint problem solving tasks, or dialogue journals. In interaction, students can use all they possess of the language -all they have learned or casually absorbed - in real-life exchange. Even at an elementary stage, they learn in this way to exploit the elasticity of language" (Brown, 1994 : 159).
Ellis (1988 : 94) states the role of interaction into following points : (1) when learners are addressed by fully component speakers of language, the latter adjust both the formal and discourse levels of the language they use. Learners also employ certain strategies to enable communication to take place; (2) there is insufficient evidence to decide whether these interactional modifications are responsible for the route learners follow in Foreign Language Development (FLD) or Second Language Development (SLD), although it would seem unlikely that those are the major determining factors. There is an evidence to suggest that the types of learners' interactions developed by the influence of the rate progress; and (3) Interaction contributes to development because it is the means by which the learner is able to crack the code.
In the speaking classroom, interaction should be encouraged. In other words, it is the teacher's responsibility to promote the interactive language teaching in the class. In the interaction, however, teacher should not dominate the class, instead facilitate students in practicing speaking as much as they possibly can. As Rivers says :
"For the genuine interaction language learning requires, however, individuals (teachers as well as students) must appreciate the uniqueness of other individuals with their special needs - not manipulating or directing or deciding how they can or will learn, but encouraging them and drawing them out (educating), and building up their confidence and enjoyment in what they are doing". (1987 : 9)
From the explanation above, we know that interaction in the language classroom is very important in the process of teaching and learning. In the speaking classroom, how the teaching-learning process run well also depends on the interaction between the teacher and the students. Therefore, understanding the interaction happening in the speaking classroom is also very important. Based on the description above, the writer is interested to study the interaction in a language classroom - especially speaking - of the tenth grade in the Senior High School.

2. Identification of the Problem
Related to the background of the study, there are some problems that may arise. The writer identifies the problems as follows :
a. How is the English teaching process at SMA X?
b. How is the English learning process at SMA X?
c. How is the interaction between the teacher and the students in the Speaking classroom?
d. What kinds of feedback does the teacher use in the speaking classroom interaction?
e. What are the problems faced by the teacher in the speaking classroom interaction?
f. What can English teacher do to overcome the problems?
g. How can the teacher and the students overcome the problems?

3. Limitation of the Problem
In order to reach the expected goal, the writer limits the problems on the following terms :
a. The study is limited to the pattern of interaction happening in the speaking classroom.
b. The writer stresses the analysis on the percentage of teacher's talk and student's talk in the speaking classroom interaction.
c. The population of the research is limited to the tenth grade students of SMA Negeri X.
The method used in this study is descriptive method and the data are analyzed by using FLint system.

4. The Formulation of the Problem
The problem discussed can be stated as follows :
a. How is the percentage of the teacher's talk and the student's talk occurring in the speaking classroom interaction?
b. What patterns of interaction happen in the speaking classroom interaction?
c. What kinds of problems occur in the speaking classroom interaction?

5. The Benefit of the Study
From this study, it is expected that the result of the research can give a contribution to the language teaching and learning in general. To the researcher, many new valuable experiences in language education are useful for her preparation to be an English teacher in the future. To the teacher and the students, this study is very useful because they will get much information related to their activities in the classroom, especially in what patterns are the interactions between the teacher and the students happened in the speaking classroom. The teacher can also identify the problems arising in the speaking interaction and able to overcome them. Hopefully, the description of the interaction in the speaking classroom can give a valuable input to improve the quality of language teaching and learning. 

#LERB 1001 Books Mus Read Before You Die Action adat dan budaya. Adventure Agoeng Nadh Ajip Rosidi Alexandre Dumas Aliens Amanda Ashby Amore android antivirus aplikasi Apocalyptic Arsitek artikel Asal Mula Suku Baduy Astrid Zeng bayi BBI Belajar Bahasa Indonesia dengan Diskusi Belanda benci Binatang bingung biografi Bisnis blackberry Books in English Challenge budaya nusantara budidaya capres cawapres cerita lucu cerpen Challenge Chaos[at]work Character Thursday Chicklit Childrens China chit-chat Chris Dyer Christina Tirta Classic Competition Comprensión de la educación física Contemporary Contest contoh contoh soal contoh surat Crissy Calhoun Cultural Curriculum Vitae de seguros Death Delirium Diskusi Djokolelono Drama dunia Dystopia Earthsea Cycle educación educacion definicion educación física Educación física para los adultos edukasi ekonomi Entertainment facebook Fairies Faktur Family Fantasy fatin Feby Indirani File Skripsi film Francisca Todi Free ebook Friendship fun Gayle Forman Gayus Holomoan P. Tambunan adalah Gemscool Giveaway google update harga harga nokia harga samsung healthy Historical Fiction Historical Fiction Challenge 2012 Historical Romance hiv-aids Holocaust Horror hot news Humor Hunger Games Ideologi Pancasila If I Stay Ika Natassa Ilana Tan Indonesia Info info menarik Inggris insurance internet Ipad apps islami Jadwal Pendaftaran SNMPTN 2013 James Patterson Jane Austen jantung Jenis-Jenis Tanah di Indonesia Jepang jilbab John Boyne Judul Skripsi Jules Verne Just-For-Fun-RC Kardashian Karla M. Nashar Karya tulis Kebudayaan Suku di Makasar di Era Globalisasi kata bijak kata cinta kata motivasi kata mutiara kata romantis kata-kata bijak kebencian Keberadaan Suku Baduy Kecantikan kelalawar Ken Grimwood Kesehatan Kesuburan Biologi (Mikrobiologi) Kewirausahaan Kim Eun Jeong Kode Nokia Konsep Kurikulum koperasi Korea Kumpulan Clipart Kumpulan Nama Bayi L.J. Smith La Mian latest news Lauren Oliver laut Lia Indra Andriana limbah lingkungan Lirik Lagu Lorien Legacies lucu M.G. Harris Maggie Tiojakin Magic makalah Makalah Adat dan Budaya MAKALAH Biologi Tentang Polusi Air Makalah Buku Minat Baca dan Wawasan Makalah Filsafat Pendidikan Makalah Flora dan Fauna Makalah Kasus Lingkungan Hidup Makalah Kebijakan Makalah Keluarga Berencana menurut pandangan Islam Makalah Kemampuan Dasar Mengajar Makalah Kependudukan dan Lingkungan Hidup Makalah Kerusakan Hutan Akibat Limbah Industri Makalah Kesehatan Keselamatan Kerja makalah Khasanah Kebudayaan Suku Baduy Makalah Media Pembelajaran Makalah Nasionalisme Makalah Pelestarian Lingkungan Hidup Makalah Penanganan Anak Sulit Belajar Makalah Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Makalah Pengaruh Anemia Makalah Pengelolaan Sampah di Pedesaan dan di Perkotaan Makalah Pengembangan Kawasan Pantai Makalah Penggunaan Media untuk Pembelajaran makalah Pengolahan Sampah Makalah Penyakit Cacar Makalah Perkembangan Remaja dan Pacaran Makalah Perubahan Sosial Makalah Pesona Alam Wisata Purbalingga Makalah Problematika Sistem Pendidikan Indonesia Makalah Proses Perkembangan Antropologi dalam kaitannya dengan perkembangan Budaya. Makalah Proses Perkembangan Antropologi dalam kaitannya dengan perkembangan Budaya. Pengertian Kebudayaan Makalah Puber Makalah Rasa Rendah Diri Makalah Realisasi Pancasila dalam Bidang Kebudayaan Makalah Rumah Sehat Makalah Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi Makalah Toksikologi Lingkungan Makalah Tumbuhnya Lumut Pada Batuan Candi Borobudur Makalah Wawasan Nusantara Makanan Malaysia manfaat Marc Levy mario teguh Mary Kay Andrews Mary Rodgers Meg Cabot Metropop Moammar Emka motivasi Motivasi dan Aspek-aspek Pembelajaran Music My Stupid Boss Mystery Myth Name In A Book Challenge Narrative text Naskah pidato News Ninit Yunita Non-Fiction olahraga Orizuka Pakaian pandangan islam Paranormal PDA Pembangunan Lingkungan Hidup dan Otonomi Daerah Secara Berkelanjutan pembangunan. Pendidikan Penerbit Andi Penerbit Atria Penerbit Authorized Books Penerbit Avon Books Penerbit Bentang Penerbit Buku Katta Penerbit Bukune Penerbit Dastan Books Penerbit Elex Media Komputindo Penerbit Escaeva Penerbit Esensi Penerbit Gagas Media Penerbit Gradien Mediatama Penerbit Gramedia Penerbit HarperCollins Penerbit Haru Penerbit Mahaka Penerbit Mahda Books Penerbit Matahati Penerbit Mizan Penerbit Nulisbuku Penerbit Puspa Populer Penerbit Pustaka Jaya Penerbit Qanita Penerbit Scholastic Penerbit Serambi Penerbit Terakota Penerbit Ufuk Press Pengaruh Wudhu Bagi Kesehatan Pengaruh Globalisasi Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup Adalah Pengertian dan Fungsi Notula Pengertian Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Pengertian Membaca dan faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Minat Baca Siswa Pengertian Minat pengetahuan Pengunduran diri Presiden Hosni Mubarak disampaikan oleh Wakil Presiden Omar Suleiman Penyebab Pencemaran Air dan Cara Mengolah Air yang Tercemar peran pendidikan Peranan Guru Peranan Membaca Perancis PERILAKU AGRESIF REMAJA Pittacus Lore Prameter Air yang dikatakan bersih Pretty Little Liars proposal PTK puisi rahasia alam ramalan Re-post Resep Masakan Resep Minuman Retni SB Romance RPP dan Silabus Sains Sara Shepard School Science Fiction Scott Westerfeld sejarah sepak bola Short Stories Simone Elkeles skripsi smartphones sms SNMPTN 2013 Spionase Stefiani E. I. Stephanie Laurens Supernatural surat lamaran kerja surat pengunduran diri Suzanne Collins Taiwan tata usaha Tatiana De Rosnay Teaser Tuesdays Teenlit teknologi Tere-Liye ternak The Joshua Files The Vampire Diaries Threes Emir Thriller Time Travel tips tips dan trik Travelogue tutorial ucapan ucay dwntr Uglies unik unta Ursula K. Le Guin US usaha Vampires video Video "Andai Aku Jadi gayus Tambunan" Virginia Novita viru mers W. Somerset Maugham Wanda Hamidah War Windy Ariestanty wirausaha Wishful Wednesday X Factor Indonesia Young Adult Yudhi Herwibowo
Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago