Indonesian culture formed long-term interaction with original local customs and multiple foreign influences. Indonesia, the ancient trade routes to the Far East and Middle East, resulting in central, strongly influenced many of the cultural practices of people of many religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Islam, all strong major trading cities. The result is a complex mixture of many different cultures of the indigenous cultures of origin.

An example is the integration of cultural integration of Islam and Hindu faith Albanian Java, and integration of Hinduism, Buddhism and animism Buddha, and the merger of Hinduism and animism Kaharingan, while others could be cited.

Indonesia, the expression of this fusion of cultural forms of art. In addition to television and cinema, theater, traditional puppet theater, and the interface between Hinduism and Islam, Javanese villagers. Both Java and Bali, dances and stories of ancient Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms and Islamic art and architectural forms that were found in Sumatra, especially in the Minangkabau and Aceh regions. Form of so-called traditional arts, music and sport a combination of martial arts Pencak Silat.

Indonesia strongly influenced in modern western culture, entertainment, television programs, movies, music, political systems and problems. India has a huge impact on the songs and films in Indonesia. There are printed and there is a kind of folk song with the rhythm of Dangdut, which is often mixed with folk music from Arab and Malay.

Although the influence of foreign culture, and some remote areas in Indonesia still retains the unique culture of indigenous peoples. Local Mentawai, Asmat, Dani, Dayak, Toraja and many still practice their ethnic customs and wearing traditional clothing.